The Ardingly Censuses 1801-1891

The censuses from 1801 to 1831 do not record individuals but give an overall view of the parish. The later censuses give details of individuals and occupations. Charts 1, 2, 3 and 4 are a comparison of Ardingly census population and the surrounding villages and towns in the first 30 years of the 19th century.

1801 CensusHousesPersonsOccupationsTotal
ParishInhabitedBy FamiliesEmptyMFAgriculture (Pers)TradesOthersPopulation
Horstead Keynes88106130928215642393591
West Hoathly113144239739724177476794
Chart 1

The above census records persons in agriculture, in trades and the rest of the population including women and children. To estimate trends in families in agriculture divide the persons by two and then it is similar to the 1811 census, except for Cuckfield, Lindfield and Worth. Worth contains four villages :- Copthorn, Crawley Down, Turners Hill, Pound Hill as well as parts of Crawley.

1811 CensusHousesPersonsOccupationsTotal
ParishInhabitedBy FamiliesEmptyMFAgriculture (Fam)TradesOthersPopulation
Horstead Keynes82101132924876223577
West Hoathly11615634443961031934840
Chart 2

This census records families in agriculture, in trades and in other occupations. Allowing two per family in agriculture (this will not be accurate, but my supposition is wife or one son employed in agriculture) Using these figures will allow a percentage of those in agriculture to be estimated. Again this may not be true for Cuckfield, Lindfield or Worth, but allows a graph (chart 7) to be drawn to show trends in agriculture compared with later years.

1821 CensusHousesPersonsOccupationsTotal
ParishInhabitedBy FamiliesEmptyMFAgriculture (Fam)TradesOthersPopulation
Horstead Keynes116135237733694374713
West Hoathly11917215234201153819943
Chart 3

Keeping to the formula of doubling families in agriculture it is possible to assess the numbers in agriculture for both 1821 and 1831. A similar formula can be applied to traders who often described their family members as borders.

1831 CensusHousesPersonsOccupationsTotal
ParishInhabitedBy FamiliesEmptyMFAgriculture (Fam)TradesOthersPopulation
Horstead Keynes11615014113711002921782
West Hoathly15917735184621064724980
Chart 4

CHART 5 is a comparison of the census population of Ardingly to the surrounding villages and towns from 1801 to 1891. The figures in red indicate the number of people per acre. Although Crawley is included, its acreage and population was small being then a wayside village on the London road. With very little agriculture within its boundaries its population is only 0.269 per acre rising to 0.565 per acre. Cuckfield and Lindfield then of small town status with markets and agriculture expand comparatively rapidly. Worth, the largest local parish contained small villages of Turners Hill, Crawley Down, Copthorne, Pound Hill as well as the hamlet of Worth itself expanded in population to 4297 but only from 0.112 to 0.332 persons per acre.

Cuckfield’s population expands from 1673 to 7058, or 0.148 to 0.628 people per acre. This is because by the l890’s it had an established railway station and market at Haywards Heath. Lindfield also expands but not as dramatically from a population of 1077 to 2606, from 0.112 to 0.322 person per acre.

Ardingly, Balcombe, Horsted Keynes and West Hoathly have smaller rises in population, Ardingly increases the most from 0.131 to 0.350 persons per acre which can be attributed to St. Saviour’s College and to a smaller extent the branch railway Kine.

Census Year
Horstead Keynes4,2325916277137828128477908111,1499321,005
West Hoathly5,3407948409439801,0951,0681,1201,2101,5471,4421,446
Chart 5 Comparison of Ardingly Census Population to surrounding parishes

The comparisons are shown more clearly on Chart 6.

The graph on chart 7 compares those employed in agriculture and trades in the first thirty years of the 19th century in all the surrounding parishes.

Chart 8 is a comparison of the” expense and maintenance” of the poor in 1803 in Ardingly and the surrounding parishes. For its size and population Ardingly rates and taxes are very high. [Chart in preparation]

Chart 9 is a population graph for Ardingly 1801-1891 showing the highs of railway populations and the College. A graph of children under the age of 12 and 13 years. A graph of those employed in agriculture. [Chart in preparation]

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